Understanding Pips and Pipettes in Forex Trading

Forex trading, also known as currency trading, involves buying and selling of currencies to take advantage of the changes in their exchange rates. In order to calculate profits and losses in forex trading, traders use a unit of measurement known as a “pip”. A pip represents the smallest unit of price movement in the forex market and can greatly impact a trader’s profits.

Pips are used in forex trading to measure the difference between the bid and ask price of a currency pair. The term “pip” is an acronym for “percentage in point”. A pip is usually equivalent to 1/100th of 1% or 0.0001 in decimal form.

In forex trading, there is also a unit of measurement called a “pipette”. A pipette is equivalent to one-tenth of a pip and is used to represent even smaller price movements in the forex market. This allows traders to be even more precise in their calculations and make informed decisions.

Calculating the Value of a Pip

The value of a pip can vary greatly depending on the currency pair being traded and the size of the trade. To calculate the value of a pip, traders must first determine the size of their trade in units of the base currency. This is then multiplied by the size of the pip to determine its value in the quote currency.

For example, if a trader buys 10,000 units of the EUR/USD currency pair at an exchange rate of 1.2000, the value of each pip would be calculated as follows:

10,000 * 0.0001 = 1

Since the quote currency is the USD, the value of each pip in this trade would be $1.

Factors that Impact the Value of a Pip

The value of a pip can be greatly impacted by several factors, including the exchange rate of the currency pair being traded, the size of the trade, and the interest rate differential between the two currencies. Traders must take these factors into consideration when calculating the value of a pip and making decisions in the forex market.

Using Pips and Pipettes to Manage Risk

In forex trading, managing risk is crucial for success. By using pips and pipettes to measure the potential profit and loss of a trade, traders can make informed decisions and minimize their risk.

For example, a trader may choose to set a stop-loss order at a certain number of pips below their entry price to limit their potential losses. Similarly, a trader may set a take-profit order at a certain number of pips above their entry price to secure their profits.


Pips and pipettes are essential units of measurement in the forex market. They are used to calculate the difference between the bid and ask price of a currency pair and to determine the value of a trade. By understanding and using pips and pipettes effectively, traders can make informed decisions, manage their risk, and potentially increase their profits in the forex market.