What is Traded in Forex Market: A Comprehensive Guide

Forex trading is the largest financial market in the world, with an estimated daily trading volume of over $6 trillion. It operates 24 hours a day, five days a week, and provides ample opportunities for traders to profit from currency movements. But what exactly is traded in the Forex market? In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide to answer that question.

Understanding the Basics of Forex Trading

Forex, short for foreign exchange, is the exchange of one currency for another. In Forex trading, currency pairs are bought and sold, with the aim of profiting from the changes in their exchange rates. The Forex market operates as an over-the-counter (OTC) market, meaning that there is no central exchange where trades are executed. Instead, trades are conducted via a network of banks, brokers, and traders, who trade currency pairs through electronic means.

Major Currency Pairs

The Forex market comprises over 180 currency pairs, but the majority of trading activity is focused on the major currency pairs. These currency pairs are the most liquid and widely traded, and they consist of the following currencies:

  • US Dollar (USD)
  • Euro (EUR)
  • Japanese Yen (JPY)
  • British Pound (GBP)
  • Swiss Franc (CHF)
  • Canadian Dollar (CAD)
  • Australian Dollar (AUD)
  • New Zealand Dollar (NZD)

Minor and Exotic Currency Pairs

In addition to the major currency pairs, there are also minor and exotic currency pairs available for trading in the Forex market. Minor currency pairs involve the currencies of smaller or emerging economies and are typically less liquid than major currency pairs. Exotic currency pairs involve the currencies of less developed countries and are even less liquid than minor currency pairs. Although they may offer higher potential profits, they also carry greater risks due to their lower liquidity and higher volatility.

Understanding the Bid and Ask Price

When trading in the Forex market, currency pairs are quoted in two prices: the bid price and the ask price. The bid price represents the highest price that a buyer is willing to pay for a currency pair, while the ask price represents the lowest price that a seller is willing to accept for the same currency pair. The difference between the bid and ask price is known as the spread, and it represents the cost of trading.


In conclusion, the Forex market is a dynamic and complex financial market that offers a wide range of opportunities for traders to profit from currency movements. The majority of trading activity in the Forex market is focused on major currency pairs, but there are also minor and exotic currency pairs available for trading. Understanding the basics of Forex trading, including the currency pairs being traded and the bid and ask price, is essential for anyone looking to enter the Forex market.

We hope that this comprehensive guide has provided you with a better understanding of what is traded in the Forex market. If you are interested in entering the Forex market, it is important to educate yourself and seek professional advice to ensure that you are fully prepared.